The Founding of
the Capital of Silicon Valley


The First California Pueblo Established, settled and inhabited by Spanish,, Mulatto & Indian People



World renowned for the Best Climate, Scenic Beauty and it's uniquess in the San Francisco Bay Area



City Skyline looking East against the Diablo Mt Range




El Pueblo de San Jose


Mission San Jose..... Click here for story


San Jose has four claims to distinction
1.....The States' third largest City
3...It is the oldest city in California.

2...The 10th Largest City in the U.S.

4.. The first capital of the state of California




It is the oldest city in California.

At the time of its founding, November 29, 1777, the only other towns in the west were the Spanish settlements in Texas and New Mexico and the French villages strewn along the Mississippi River system.

Maps of the city


after its annexation by the United States. San Jose was chosen by the Constitutional Convention which met at Monterey in 1849 to establish a state government and bring law and order to a lawless land then in te frenzy of the gold rush. The first state legislature met in San Jose, and the first governor, Peter Hardeman rnett, resided there


it's location south of the San Francisco Bay

Click map to enlarge


Do You know the way to San Jose


It's historical importance


San Jose may very well have saved the infant colony of California from being abandoned by Spain.

The attempt of the Spanish to colonize upper California was launched in 1769 from bases in the peninsula of lower California. The colonizing parties were made up entirely of soldiers and missionaries. Their leaders were Captain Gaspar de Portola, the military governor, and Fray Junipero Serra.

They were entering a land where they would find no food except wild game. The provender of the Indians- However acceptable and nourishing to them-did not appeal to the Spaniards nor the pueblodores.



Its' Spanish speaking inhabitants


The food crisis lasted eight years. All supplies had to be sent by ship from San Blas in the Mexican territory. The cost was prohibitive, and ship cargoes, as the viceroy put it, were “subject to the whims of the ocean.” Transports had to rack into the prevailing northerly winds. Storms compounded the difficulties. There was seldom enough food, and at times the colony faced actual starvation.

(today, of course, California is one of the major food producers of the world; it has lands of enormous fertility, bountiful supplies of water and a highly favorable climate.)

The colonists did know how to farm. Almost all of the soldiers had been recruited from Mexican families who lived on the land and were familiar with tillage and gardening. If there were not enough of them to spare some for this non-military Assignment, the good viceroy in Mexico City would help out. With that very purpose in mind, he included families of farmers in the colony Juan Bautista de Anza brought to California from Sonora in 1775.


The Silicon valley Tech Museum


Then, too, the missions were meant to be food producers. They were to support themselves through agriculture and had been equipped with farm implements, seed and experienced instructors to train the Indian neophytes in working the land.
Why then was there a difficulty?

The problem was that the Spaniards had not occupied the right areas. The three presidios-San Diego, Monterey and San Francisco-were built, for strategic reasons, on the only three decent bays the coast afforded. None of the three sites offered good farming land, plentiful sunlight or adequate rivers that could be dammed for irrigation purposes Governor Neve, traveling through Alta California, Could see where the troubles lay. The presidio locations, he wrote, “had neither the right kinds of soils nor enough water, and they presented other inconvenient features as well.”



The New City Hall

He suggested that 40 to 60 farmers be recruited in the Mexican territory. He would divide them into four parties and settle one on this site (which would become San Jose). The other three could be placed on the banks of the Santa Ana River (in what is now Orange established) and on the Santa Clara River (Where the city of Ventura stands today).

When Neve reported to the viceroy that the Guadalupe area would make an excellent town site, he requested 40 to 60 colonists, all experienced Mexican farmers with families, be recruited. Later it occurred to him just how long it would take for the viceroy to carry out his suggestion-months at the very least. Why not start the town with what resources he had? His general instructions authorized him to get food production under way as soon as possible, and there were the farm families Anza had brought in 1775-1776.

He decided to start San Jose without specific orders. On April 15, 1778, he told Bucareli what he had done:



Questions, Comments, Dead Links? Email Webmaster
**All articles taken from selected reading materials are the sole property of the authors listed. In no way are these articles credited to this site. The material presented is only a brief presentation of writings from the publisher & producer of each article.

Copyright French Creoles of America®, All Rights Reserved